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Various local groups and associations are zealously involved in local affairs, such as the Nature Study Club, Wild Bird Federation, Zooxanthellae Association. These groups were formed to appreciate and to protect the local unique milieu. For instance, the environment of Penghu has been an ideal habitat for migrant birds. Migrant birds such as terns come here annually for seasonal nesting and foraging and make bird watching activities highly cherished. As stakeholders, these groups are serious about nature conservation and environmental protection of the islets.
Local communities and residents show great concerns about the marine environment, because they depend on the oceanic environment for fishes and sea weeds. As a result, various communities surrounding geosites, civil societies and NGOs are all major driving forces of the Penghu Marine Geopark.
In early times, fishing is the main base economy in Penghu. Besides coastal, inshore and offshore fishing, many families are involved in intertidal stone weir fishing. That is why the building skills of stone weirs are of great value. The famous Double-Heart Stone Weir in Chimei, Couple stone weir of Erkan and the various fishing weirs of Jibei are good examples to show great traditional wisdom of local people in making good use of materials at hand.
Another example of traditional wisdom as a modern tourist attraction is the local bulidings. Typical Penghu houses were built with local basaltic rocks and coral stones. Houses like these are a combination of topographical features and human activities, not only requiring local techniques and aesthetics but becoming a feature worth exploring in geo-tourism. The foral settlement in Wangan is one typical example. Wind breakers are needed for many activities in Penghu. Particularly important is the wind breakers for vegetables and for settlements. Wind breakers for vegetables and plants are often built to defence against strong winter winds.